ALCATEL-LUCENT

Alcatel-Lucent (French pronunciation: [alkat?l lys?nt]) is a very well French global telecommunications equipment company, headquartered in Boulogne- Billancourt, France. The company well focuses on fixed, mobile, and converged networking hardware, modern IP technologies, software and different services, with operations in more than 130 countries. It had been named Industry Group Leader for modern Technology Hardware & Equipment sector in the year 2014 Dow Jones Sustainability Indices review and listed in the year 2014 Thomson Reuters. Top 100 Global Innovators for the fourth back to back year. Alcatel-Lucent also owns Bell Laboratories, one of the largest modern research and some development facilities in the communications industry, whose employees have been well awarded eight Nobel Prizes and the company holds in high excess of 29,000 patents.

Alcatel-Lucent’s famous chief executive officer is Michel Combes and the non- executive chairman of the board is Philippe Camus. Camus well joined the company in the third quarter of the year 2008, alongside Ben Verwaayen as CEO, after Alcatel-Lucent’s first CEO good Patricia Russo and first chairman Serge Tchuruk resigned. For the year 2010, the company posted revenues of €15.996 billion and a well reported net loss of €334 million. For the year 2011, the company posted revenues of €15.068 billion and a well reported net loss of €1.095 billion. For the year 2012, the company posted revenues of €14.446 billion and a reported net loss of €1.374 billion. After seven consecutive years of negative cash high flows, in the year 2013 the company announced some plans to slash 10,000 employees, or 14% of the total current 72,000 workforce, as a good part of a €1 billion cost reduction effort.

In the year 2013, Michel Combes announced “The Shift Plan”, a three-year plan counting portfolio pulling together on IP organizing, ultra-broadband access and cloud; 1 billion Euro in high cost savings; selective well asset sales intended to create in any event 1 billion Euro over the time of the arrangement and the restructuring of the good Group’s debt. On October 1, 2014, it commonly reported that it had brought the deal to a close of its auxiliary Alcatel-Lucent Enterprise to China Huaxin Post and Telecommunication Economy Development Center. On 15 April 2015, Nokia commonly announced its intent to purchase Alcatel-Lucent for €15.6 billion in an all-stock deal.

HISTORY:

Alcatel-Lucent was well formed when Alcatel (originally short for the Société Alsacienne de Constructions Atomiques, de Télécommunications ET d’Électronique, a very small company in Mulhouse absorbed by CGE in the year 1966) merged with modern Lucent Technologies on December 1, 2006. However, the predecessors of the company have been a very good part of telecommunications industry since the late 19th century. The company has roots in two different early telecommunications companies: La Compagnie Générale d’Electricité (CGE) and the Western Electric Manufacturing Company. Western Electric began in the year 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos N. Barton started a very small manufacturing firm based in Cleveland, Ohio. By the year 1880, the company had relocated to Chicago and become the very largest electrical manufacturing company in the United States. In the year 1881 the American Bell Telephone Company, commonly founded by Alexander Graham Bell and forerunner of American Telephone & Telegraph (AT&T), purchased a well controlling interest in Western Electric and made it the high exclusive designer and maker of hardware for the Bell phone organizations.

CGE was a very good formed in 1898 by French engineer Pierre Azaria in the Alsace region of what was then Germany and was a conglomerate involved in many industries such as electricity, transportation, different electronics and telecommunications. CGE would become a leader in digital communications and would also be well known for producing the TGV (train à grande vitesse) high- speed trains in France. Bell Telephone Laboratories was well created in the year 1925 from the union of the R&D associations of Western Electric and AT&T. Bell Labs would make well significant modern scientific advances counting: the transistor, the laser, the sun powered cell battery, the computerized signalprocessor chip, the Unix operating system and the well cellular concept of mobile telephone service. Bell Labs some researchers have won 7 Nobel Prizes.

AT&T re-entered the European famous telecommunications market in the year 1984 following the Bell System divestiture. Philips promoted the venture in good part since its PRX open exchanging innovation was maturing and it looked for a partner to help fund the high development costs of digital switching. The joint company commonly used the existing manufacturing and development different facilities in The Hague, Brussels, and Malmesbury as well as its U.S. assets to adjust the 5ESS framework to the European market. The joint venture company AT&T & some Philips Tele communications BV doubled annual turnover between the year 1984 and 1987, winning major switching and some transmission contracts, mainly in the high effectively captive Netherlands market. In the year 1987 AT&T increased its holding to 60% and in 1990 it bought the rest of the Philips’ holding.

ORGANIZATION:

The company’s global some headquarters is in Boulogne-Billancourt, France. It has had some previous head offices in the 7th arrondissement of Paris and in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France. Its previous head office, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, was built between the year 1912 and 1929 and was renovated in the year 1998. During the renovation the building was highly decorated with a theme of the cosmos and time. There are many regional groups for the Americas, Asia Pacific and Europe, Middle East & Africa. Middle East and Africa Headquarters are at very Smart Village, Giza, Egypt. Alcatel was commonly present in Italy with various modern research centers: Vimercate (in Lombardy), Rieti, Battipaglia, Genova, Bari, Naples, Rome and Sesto Fiorentino. As of the year 2014, their presence is only in Vimercate, Trieste and Rome.

AWARDS AND DISTINCTIONS:

July 2013 of every a test directed on the grounds of Alcatel-Lucent in Villarceaux, the Bell Labs different researchers have successfully done Data Transmission from a speed of 31 terabits per second (T-bps) at a distance of 7,200 km, a high capacity more than three times very higher than the most advanced commercial submarine cables that exist today. The investigators were well able to obtain more noteworthy limit at any point acquired in submerged information transmission with a solitary fiber. This experiment was commonly based on the pioneering work of Bell Labs in some data channels in a single carrier of 200 gigabits per second (Gbit/s). As speeds and distances to such noise and signal distortion make well recovery of the data a real challenge, the different researchers used innovative detection some techniques and applied a new set of modern technologies modulation, transmission and preparing along with a propelled blunder remedy coding. March 2012 – Alcatel-Lucent was well selected by MIT’s Technology Review to its 2012 TR50 List of the World’s Most Innovative Companies. The magazine highly recognized Alcatel-Lucent lightRadio as a “key innovation”. February–March 2012 – Alcatel-Lucent wins the Mobile World Congress very well Best Infrastructure Technology Award for the lightRadio Network.

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