A bank holiday is a national holiday in the UK and Ireland, where banks and many other services are stoppered for the day.
Bank holidays are also believed to be so-called because they are days when banks are shut down, but days, when banks are shut down, aren’t necessarily bank holidays. For instance: Good Friday and Christmas Day are not bank holidays, they are holidays in the common law.
The dates for bank holidays are laid down by statute or are proclaimed by royal decree. The word “bank holiday” was invented by Sir John Lubbock who felt the need to distinguish between the two forms of vacation.
A bank holiday in England and Wales happens to be a public holiday naturally, so the day is usually regarded as a holiday. Scotland has a variety of variations. Easter Monday, for example, is not a bank holiday and while they share the same name, the Summer Bank Holiday occurs in Scotland on the first Monday of August as opposed to the last elsewhere in the UK.
Until 1834, about 33 saints’ days and religious festivals were observed as holidays by the Bank of England, but in 1834 this was reduced to only four: 1 May, 1 November, Good Friday, and Christmas.
Sir John Lubbock present the Bank Holidays Act in 1871, introduced the idea of paid holidays, and announced 4 holidays in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, and 5 holidays in Scotland.
Those were Easter Monday, August’s first Monday, December 26, and Whit Monday (England, Wales and Northern Ireland), and New Year’s Day, Good Friday, May’s first Monday, August’s first Monday, and Scottish Christmas Day. Scotland, Wales and Ireland, Good Friday and Weihnachts
The day was considered conventional rest days (as was the case on Sundays), and it was also thought unnecessary to include them in the Act. The step was so popular that there were even suggestions that the Day of St Lubbock should be called August Bank Holiday!
In Ireland, in 1903 the Bank Holiday Act (Ireland) introduced as a public holiday 17
March, Saint Patrick’s Day, and in 1926 the Northern GovernorEven day. The Secretary of State for Northern Ireland proclaims the specific holiday annually.
In 2006, St Andrew’s Day, November 30 was declared as an official bank holiday in Scotland by the Scottish Parliament. But there is no public holiday in Wales for St David’s Day, or in England for St George’s Day.
In 1965 the August bank holiday date in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland was extended to the end of the month. The bank holiday in Whitsun (Whit Monday) was replaced by the bank holiday in late spring-set as last Monday in May.