Florence (FLORR-πnss; Italy: Florence (Florence) is a city in central Italy and the capital of the province of Tuscany. It is the most populous city in Tuscany, with a population of 383,084 in 2013, and more than 1,520,000 in major cities.
Florence was a center of trade and foreign exchange in Europe, one of the richest cities of the time.
It is considered the birthplace of the Renaissance by many scholars, and has been dubbed the “Middle Ages Athens.” Its confusing political history encompasses periods of powerful Medic family rule and numerous Republican and religious revolutions. The city served as the capital of the Italian Empire from 1865 until 1871 (founded in 1861).
In recognition of the professionalism of Dante Alighieri, Petrarch, Giovanni Boccaccio, Niccolò Machiavelli, and Francesco Guicciardini, the Florentine dictionary form the basis of Standard Italian and became the cultural language throughout Italy.
The city charm millions of visitors every year, and in 1982 UNESCO announced the Florence Historic Center a World Heritage Site.
The city is known for its culture, Renaissance art, and palaces, and architecture. The city also hosts numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and Palazzo Pitti, and continues to intensify its arts, culture, and policy. Forbes places it among the most beautiful cities in the world because of the legacy and architecture of Florence.
Florence plays an important role in Italian fashion, and is ranked by Global Language Monitor in 15 top fashion trends; it is also a major national economic center, as well as a tourism and industrial hub. The city had the average 17th highest income in Italy in 2008.
The city is known for its culture, Renaissance art, and palaces, and architecture. The city also hosts numerous museums and art galleries, such as the Uffizi Gallery and Palazzo Pitti, and continues to intensify its arts, culture, and policy.
Florence is frequently referred to as the birthplace of the Renaissance. The first writers and painters of this period came from this city in the hills of northern Italy. As a center of the European fur trade, the city’s political power rested in the hands of wealthy merchants who controlled the industry.