Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia, is a South African country. Its western boundary is the Atlantic Ocean; it shares land borders with North Zambia and Angola, east of Botswana and south and east of South Africa. Although uninterrupted in Zimbabwe, the two countries are separated by less than 200 meters (660 meters) of the Zambezi River.
On 21 March 1990 Namibia gained independence from South Africa after the Namibian War of Independence. Windhoek is its capital and its largest city. Namibia is a member state of the United Nations (UN), the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Being the driest country in Sub-Saharan Africa, the people of San, Damara, and Nama have lived in Namibia since ancient times. The Bantu migration came around the 14th century as part of the Bantu expansion. Since then the Bantu groups, the largest of Ovambo, have ruled the country; they formed the majority from the end of the 19th century.
Namibia has a population of about 2.6 million, as well as the stable democracy of the various factions. The foundations of its economy are agriculture, herd, tourism, and the mining sector – including mines of gem diamonds, uranium, gold, silver, and metallic foundations. The vast Namib desert, the arid desert, has made Namibia one of the world’s most sparsely populated countries.
Tourism is a major sector in Namibia, accounting for $ 7.2 billion in the country’s major products. More than a million travelers visit Namibia each year, about one-third of whom come from South Africa, then from Germany, and finally from the UK, Italy, and France. The country is one of the best in Africa and is known for its diverse wildlife habitat in Namibia.
An Act of Parliament has established the Namibian Tourism Board (NTB): Namibia Tourism Tourism Act, 2000 (Act 21 of 2000). Its main purpose is to control the Cheap Best tourism and marketing sector of Namibia as a tourist destination. As a legal entity, NTB is the only national tourism organization in Namibia or a government-authorized authority to regulate the sector.